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Farmland. Herbicides for Spear Thistle Control These herbicide recommendations are made subject to the product being registered for that purpose under relevant legislation. Milk thistle is ... Those who think this ingredient stains the teeth are wrong. Cirsium flodmanii - Flodman Thistle, Flodman's Thistle Cirsium foliosum - Drummond's Thistle, Elk Thistle, Leafy Thistle, Meadow Thistle Cirsium fontinale - Fountain Thistle Release No Model release Model release Model release not applicable No Property release Property release Property release not applicable. It grows in waste places, by roadsides, in pastures and cultivated ground, and … Restrictions Thistle Root. Photographer. ", "Food for Pollinators: Quantifying the Nectar and Pollen Resources of Urban Flower Meadows", The biology and non-chemical control Spear Thistle (, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cirsium_vulgare&oldid=987581482, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 00:02. Pl. Spear thistles have flower heads that are bristle like and are coloured pink to purple, and the plant has green, sharp spiny leaves. Image number. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. The inflorescence is 2.5–5 cm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. Bull Thistle, Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare is Naturalized to Texas and other States, and is considered an Invasive plant in Texas. Pest control. Grassland. Please report them if you think you have them. Its flowers attract insects and its seeds feed birds. Spear Thistle is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense) is a root-creeping perennial. I accept that the fact that ammunition was not found in the house does not mean that Mr. McCloskey didn't in fact have full magazines available at the time he confronted the mob. Although it is intimidating in appearance and can sometimes form large infestations, this thistle is not as challenging to control as many others and is mainly a problem in hay fields and pastures. And for goldfinch, well, it is one of their favorite foods. The leaves are dark green, rough and hairy on the upper surface, and lighter beneath due to a dense covering of whitish hairs. Spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare) buds, Dorset, England, UK, July. Where to find it. In its first year, it appears as a basal rosette of easily-broken, bristly, irregularly- Spear thistle stems, flowers, roots, and seeds can be eaten and the stems and leaves can be peeled and then steamed or boiled. Citation: Ten., Fl. Bull thistle is a widespread biennial thistle originally from Europe and Asia, but now introduced throughout North America. It also represents one of the highest honours the country can give an individual. Common Name: Bull thistle, (Common thistle, Spear thistle, Scotch thistle, Black thistle, Plume thistle) Scientific Name: Cirsium vulgare Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants) Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons) Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Identification: C. vulgare is a biennial cool-season broadleaf that forms large, coarse plants with spiny leaves, large taproots, … Spear thistle, (sometimes referred to as 'scotch thistle'), is an annual (living for one year) or biennial (living two years) herb, growing to 60 to 120 cm, and occasionally to 1.5 metres. Napolit. The plant is a biennial, the stem 1 to 5 feet high, stout and strong, more or less woolly with … All thistles belong to the daisy family (asteraceae), the largest family of flowering plants in the UK after grasses.The flower heads are made up of a number of individual flowers or florets giving rise to this family being called “composites”. User-friendly keys and fact sheets to pests, pollinators and invasive plants of East Africa produced under the UVIMA Project. Spear Thistle. This protects the plant against herbivorous animals, stopping them from eating the plant.. The plant provides a great deal of nectar for pollinators. Your email address will not be published. Spear thistle is a robust biennial or short-lived monocarpic perennial that can be a serious problem in grassland and waste and cultivated ground throughout the UK. This stiff-stemmed downy, thistle is extremely spiny and very robust. Always read the herbicide label. Thistle is a group of flowering plants which have sharp prickles on around the flower and are in the Asteraceae family. The leaves are stoutly spined, grey-green, deeply lobed; the basal leaves up to 15–25 cm long, with smaller leaves on the upper part of the flower stem; the leaf lobes are spear-shaped (from which the English name derives). Most posts contain affiliate links. Images and key identification characteristics of the different members of the Thistle family of British wild flowers Pis. [13] Nitrogen-rich soils help increase its proliferation. [13], Despite this label, the plant has beneficial qualities beyond its very high nectar production. It is one of many genera with the common name being thistles. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. It is best cleared from land by hoeing and deep cutting of the taproot before seeds mature; regular cultivation also prevents its establishment. Spear thistles typically grow in sunny open areas, such as paddocks and fields. Spear thistle. Spear Thistle. They are mostly native to Eurasia and northern Africa. For this reason, it has many other common names, such as 'Sticky Bobs', 'Stick-a-back' and 'Kisses' (because lovers cling to each other, too). Email me at cris (at) tenrandomfacts (dot) com and ask for a specific topic. But thistle is an easy to identify genus and an easy to find plant. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. It also was a top producer of nectar sugar in another study in Britain, ranked third with a production per floral unit of (2323 ± 418 μg). The Spear Thistle has flower heads with bright pink florets (tiny flowers) and a ball of spiny bracts (leaf-like structures) that appear from July to October. It also occurs on roadsides, coastal dunes and in woodland clearings. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. Habitats. 5:209 (1835-36). ‘Spear thistles’ are also known as ‘bull thistles’, ‘black thistles’,  ‘scotch thistles’  ‘Fuller’s thistles’, ‘swamp thistles’ and ‘common thistles’ among others. It has long green leaves (to 35mm) with many small prickles on their upper surface. Your email address will not be published. In North America, they don’t have the great complex of insects and diseases that evolved with them overseas. Your efforts to remove the thistle from pastures are well worth your time, but complete eradication is difficult, especially with stressed pasture like you describe. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. The stem is winged, with numerous longitudinal spine-tipped wings along its full length. Cirsium vulgare. It flowers between July and September, producing sweet smelling purple flowers on top of a spiky stalk, the flowers being very attractive to bumble bees. The seeds are 5 mm long, with a downy pappus, which assists in wind dispersal. Spear thistles have the scientific name Cirsium vulgare and they are from the family Asteraceae, the family of asters, sunflowers and daisies. Each plant lives for 2 years (like ragwort) producing a flatted rosette of leaves in year one and then the familiar ‘tree-like’ structure in year two. [citation needed], Other English names include bull thistle,[13][22] Scots, Scottish, or Scotch thistle, and common thistle. The root is edible, and according to one source, it tastes “like burdock root only better.”While burdock stalks are delicious, I really can’t stand burdock root, and I think it tastes like bitter dirt.Thus, I’m not excited about cooking up a thistle root. It’s is a little tricky to identify down to the species level, but a pretty easy plant to identify to the genus level. Spear thistle is a tall biannual species, the flowering stem typically grows to 30cm – 1m in height usually in the second year. Spear Thistle Fl.Napol. Other genera known as thistles include Carduus, Cynara, Onopordon, and Silybum. Where to find it Whittlesea's native vegetation. Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. The tap roots can be eaten raw or cooked, but are only palatable on young thistles that have not yet flowered. In areas where it does not form monocultures it may also be welcome as a part of a meadow landscape. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute, African Plant Database, "Which flowers are the best source of nectar? The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. Some farmers, due to its usefulness as part of the natural food chain, may find it useful to allow it to grow in beetle banks. 5:209 (1835-36). Napolit. Bond, W., Davies, G., & Turner, R. J. Spear thistles are a biennial or annual thistle plant native to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa. The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. The prickles often all over the plant – on the stem and flat parts of leaves. Artichoke Thistle (Cynara cardunculus) Spear thistle. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. 2:241 (1798); C. lanceolatus L., Sp. Currently you have JavaScript disabled. Spear thistles flower during spring to autumn, but only in their second year of growth. Most of these thistles have a par-ticular niche in the environment that they exploit to their advantage and at the expense of other vegetation. A Lucid Keys and fact sheets to bee genera of East Africa, the most significant pollinator group Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. [citation needed], Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. Its leaves are grey-green and spiny, and its tall stems are winged, spiny and cottony. Citation: Ten., Fl. The small purple florets are clustered in a dense sphere surrounded by spiny bracts. A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. Read more about this in the. Compositae---Parts Used---Root, leaves. PAY ATTENTION TO THE RISK INDICATIONS AND FOLLOW THE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ON THE LABEL. It is also naturalised in North America, Africa, and Australia and is an invasive weed in some areas. Spear thistle’s form of defence is the most aggressive in Finland: strong, needle-sharp spines on both the leaf-blade margins and along the winged stem, the capitula’s involucral bracts end with a sting and even the surface of the leaves is covered in delicate spines. For Control of Creeping Thistle and Spear Thistle in Established Grassland Use plant protection products safely. The leaves are toothed or lobed with spines at the tips of the teeth or lobes. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). The supports for pollinators and pest-eating birds could outweigh its drawbacks. [14] The flowers are a rich nectar source used by numerous pollinating insects, including honey bees, wool-carder bees, and many butterflies. [13], Spear thistle is designated an "injurious weed" under the UK Weeds Act 1959,[18] and a noxious weed in Australia[17][19][20] and in nine US states. A very spiny herb to 1.5 m. The stems have thin wings lined with sharp spines. Considered noxious under the BC Weed Control Act , Canada thistle is commonly found on roadsides, cultivated fields, pastures, logged forests, riverbanks, and other disturbed areas. Spear thistle is often a ruderal species, colonising bare disturbed ground, but also persists well on heavily grazed land as it is unpalatable to most grazing animals. 01555067. Towns and … 5:209 (1835) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Alien to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 29 April 1997. A common plant of disturbed ground like roadside verges and field edges, the Spear thistle has purple, fluffy flower heads that appear in summer. The flowerheads are 2 … It produces seeds eaten by the American goldfinch, down from seed pods that is used by those birds for nesting material, and serves as a host plant for the Painted lady butterfly. Online Date. Synonymy: Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Spear thistles are classified as a noxious and an environmental weed in some countries, and is a particular problem in Australia, parts of the United States and the United Kingdom. Thickets of thistle crowd out forage grasses in pastures and rangelands, reducing crop yields and productivity. Rights Royalty Free Rights Managed. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Some species in particular are cultivated in gardens and wildflower plantings for their aesthetic value and/or to support pollinators such as butterflies. As in other species of Cirsium (but unlike species in the related genus Carduus), the pappus hairs are feathery with fine side hairs. Scientific name: Cirsium vulgare. The thistle has been an important symbol of Scottish heraldry for over 500 years. Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle, common thistle, or spear thistle) is listed as a noxious weed in nine US states. Spear thistle. Pis. 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