Ohio River above Cairo, IL and its tributaries. Begins in pittsburgh pa. Its waters connected communities. In 1749 Great Britain established the Ohio Company to settle and trade in the area. For a brief time, until 1851, it was the world's largest suspension bridge. In the early 1980s, the Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area was established at Clarksville, Indiana. Water levels for the Ohio River from Smithland Lock and Dam upstream to Pittsburgh are predicted daily by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Ohio River Forecast Center. The river had great significance in the history of the Native Americans, as numerous civilizations formed along its valley. The Ohio River boatmen were the inspiration for performer Dan Emmett, who in 1843 wrote the song "The Boatman's Dance". Its current gentle, waters clear, and bosom smooth and unbroken by rocks and rapids, a single instance only excepted. The number in parentheses after the port's location corresponds to the numbered icons on the map. Falls of the Ohio National Wildlife Conservation Area, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, List of longest rivers of the United States (by main stem), Jefferson, Thomas, 1743–1826. Valleys of some abandoned rivers can still be seen on satellite and aerial images of the hills of Ohio and West Virginia between Marietta, Ohio, and Huntington, West Virginia. From its origin to Cincinnati, the average depth is approximately 15 feet (5 m). Relief shown by hachures. Has watermark. The collapse took the lives of 46 people who had been crossing on the bridge at the moment of its failure. If you are an outdoor enthusiast and enjoy nature exploration, the Falls of the Ohio State Park is for you! A barge hauls coal in the Louisville and Portland Canal, the only artificial portion of the Ohio River. Beaver Falls, PA 15010. , Native Americans, including the Lenni Lenape and Iroquois, considered the Ohio and Allegheny rivers as the same, as is suggested by a New York State road sign on Interstate 86 that refers to the Allegheny River also as Ohi:yo'; the Geographic Names Information System lists O-hee-yo and O-hi-o as variant names for the Allegheny. The bridge has been improved in 1859 and 1872, and remains in use as the oldest vehicular suspension bridge in the U.S. Louisville was founded in 1779 at the only major natural navigational barrier on the river, the Falls of the Ohio. The Ohio River is a left (east) and largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River in the United States. Eventually the upper and middle sections combined to form what is essentially the modern Ohio River. The Commission also noted mercury pollution as an ongoing concern, citing a 500% increase in mercury discharges between 2007 and 2013. Ohio River Water Trail Map & Guide. The river is sometimes considered as the western extension of the Mason–Dixon Line that divided Pennsylvania from Maryland, and thus part of the border between free and slave territory, and between the Northern and Southern United States or Upper South. It is located in the Midwestern and Southern United States, flowing southwesterly from western Pennsylvania south of Lake Erie to its mouth on the Mississippi River at the southern tip of Illinois.  However, the Treaty of Paris (1783) gave the entire Ohio Valley to the United States. Ohio is a state in the northeastern United States, with a shoreline at Lake Erie.  The river again ranked as the most polluted in 2013 and has been the most polluted river since at least 2001, according to the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO). Ohio has approximately 29,113 miles of river, of which 212.9 miles are designated as wild & scenicâless than 1% of the state's river miles.  The water depth predictions are relative to each local flood plain based upon predicted rainfall in the Ohio River basin in five reports as follows: The water levels for the Ohio River from Smithland Lock and Dam to Cairo, Illinois, are predicted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Lower Mississippi River Forecast Center.. Trading boats and ships traveled south on the Mississippi to New Orleans, and sometimes beyond to the Gulf of Mexico and other ports in the Americas and Europe. Ohio River The river then follows a roughly southwest and then west-northwest course until Cincinnati, before bending to a west-southwest course for most of its length. The movement of glaciers during the earliest ice ages the present day river drainages of the Kanawha, Sandy, Kentucky, Green, Cumberland and Tennessee rivers northward created the Ohio system and the course of early tributaries of the Ohio River, including the Monongahela and the Allegheny rivers, were set. The name "Ohio" comes from the Seneca language (an Iroquoian language), Ohi:yo' (roughly pronounced oh-hee-yoh, with the vowel in "hee" held longer), a proper name derived from ohiːyoːh ("good river"), therefore literally translating to "Good River". The Ohio River at Cairo is 281,500 cu ft/s (7,960 m3/s); and the Mississippi River at Thebes, Illinois, which is upstream of the confluence, is 208,200 cu ft/s (5,897 m3/s). ohio map with counties. map of ohio river valley. It is the source of drinking water for three million people.. The Ohio River is a 981 miles long river that is found within the region of Laurentia in the US. Rhonda Belford, Chairman Ohio River Scenic Byway PO Box 746 Rosiclare, Illinois 62982-0746 This map shows the course of the Ohio from Fort Pitt, site of present-day Pittsburgh, to what is now New Martinsville, West Virginia. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers improvements were expanded again in the 1960s, forming the present-day McAlpine Locks and Dam.  Its waters connected communities. The ancient rivers were rearranged or consumed. There are many large tributaries that give the ohio river its size. Where the Ohio joins the Mississippi is the lowest elevation in the state of Illinois, at 315 feet (96 m). A north-flowing river was temporarily dammed by natural forces southwest of present-day Louisville, creating a large lake until the dam burst. Originally applied just to the Ohio River, the "Pelisipi" name later was variously applied back and forth between the Ohio River and the Clinch River in Virginia and Tennessee.  The Ohio River flow is higher than that of the Mississippi River so hydrologically, the Ohio River is the main stream of the river system. Cincinnati skyline showing the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge to Covington, Kentucky. After reaching the mouth of the Ohio, settlers would travel north on the Mississippi River to St. Louis, Missouri. She also composed the libretto for the opera Margaret Garner (2005), based on the life and trial of an enslaved woman who escaped with her family across the river. Toll-Free: 800-342-8192. In the five centuries before European conquest, the Mississippian culture built numerous regional chiefdoms and major earthwork mounds in the Ohio Valley, such as Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, as well as in the Mississippi Valley and the Southeast. The modern Ohio River flows within segments of the ancient Teays. The south-flowing Marietta River (no longer in existence) ended between the present-day cities. Download ORWT Cover Page (PDF) Download ORWT Map Page (PDF) Hard copies are available from the Beaver County Recreation & Tourism Office. The Ohio River is a naturally shallow river that was artificially deepened by a series of dams. The upper Ohio River formed when one of the glacial lakes overflowed into a south-flowing tributary of the Teays River. Exploration of the territory and trade with the Indians in the region near the Forks brought British colonials from both Pennsylvania and Virginia across the mountains, and both colonies claimed the territory. Detailed topographic maps and aerial photos of Ohio are available in the Geology.com store. It is considered to separate Midwestern Great Lakes states from the Upper South states, which were historically border states in the Civil War. Scale ca. This is a 258 acre lake owned by the County. At the confluence, the Ohio is considerably bigger than the Mississippi, measured by long-term mean discharge. Text printed on separate sheet attached to main sheet at bottom. In the 21st century, with the 2016 update of climate zones, the humid subtropical zone has stretched across the river, into the southern portions of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. The 1768 Treaty of Fort Stanwix opened Kentucky to colonial settlement and established the Ohio River as a southern boundary for American Indian territory. The Ohio River Greenway Trail is a key segment of a "major" greenway corridor being developed in the "Keystone State" and is also serving to complete an essential section in a nationally, significant linear park system through the interconnection of existing trails in five states â Maryland, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The Allegheny River, left, and Monongahela River join to form the Ohio River at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the largest metropolitan area on the river. Prior to that event, the north-flowing Steubenville River (no longer in existence) ended between New Martinsville and Paden City, West Virginia. The Ohio River is a 981-mile (1,579 km) long river in the United States.  For thousands of years, Native Americans used the river as a major transportation and trading route. The Osage, Omaha, Ponca and Kaw lived in the Ohio Valley, but under pressure from the Iroquois to the northeast, migrated west of the Mississippi River in the 17th century to territory now defined as Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma. A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indiana, on the Ohio River opened about the same time. Ohio River, East Pete Rose Way, Lytle Park Historic District, Mount Adams, Cincinnati, Hamilton County, Ohio, 45202, USA (39.09323-84.50933). The floodwaters enlarged the small Marietta valley to a size more typical of a large river. Kentucky brought suit against Indiana in the early 1980s because of the building of the never-completed Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant in Indiana, which would have discharged its waste water into the river. Lord Dunmore's War south of the Ohio river also contributed to giving the land north to Quebec to stop further encroachment of the British colonials on native land. The word âOhioâ originated from the Seneca language of the Seneca people. The Silver Bridge at Point Pleasant, West Virginia collapsed into the river on December 15, 1967. During the American Revolution, in 1776 the British military engineer John Montrésor created a map of the river showing the strategic location of Fort Pitt, including specific navigational information about the Ohio River's rapids and tributaries in that area. Fears that Louisville's transshipment industry would collapse proved ill-founded: the increasing size of steamships and barges on the river meant that the outdated locks could only service the smallest vessels until well after the Civil War. Cities along the Ohio are also among the oldest cities in their respective states and among the oldest cities in the United States west of the Appalachian Mountains (by date of founding): Old Shawneetown, Illinois, 1748; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1758; Wheeling, West Virginia, 1769; Huntington, West Virginia, 1775; Louisville, Kentucky, 1779; Clarksville, Indiana, 1783; Maysville, Kentucky, 1784; Martin's Ferry, Ohio, 1785; Marietta, Ohio, 1788; Cincinnati, Ohio, 1789; Manchester, Ohio, 1790; Beaver, Pennsylvania, 1792; and Golconda, Illinois, 1798. Tennessee: all but a small part in the extreme west drained directly by the Mississippi, and a very small area in the southeastern corner which is drained by the, Ohio: 80% (all except a northern strip bordering Lake Erie, and the northwest corner), This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 17:17. Backwater flooding along the Little Miami River affects basements and some first level flooding of businesses and homes, with low-lying areas from California to Newtown also experiencing this flooding. The Ohio River forms its border with West Virginia in the southeast and Kentucky in the south.  In 1774 the Quebec Act restored the land east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River to Quebec, in effect making the Ohio the southern boundary of Canada. The Ohio River Scenic Byway in Indiana is comprised of the following segments totaling 302.38 miles: Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. + View larger map Big & Little Darby Creeks Louisville, Kentucky, The deepest point of the Ohio River is a scour hole just below Cannelton locks and dam (river mile 720.7). Short-lived special purpose forts included Fort Steuben (Ohio), Fort Finney (Indiana), Fort Finney (Ohio) and Fort Gower (Ohio). The largest northern tributary is the Wabash River. The bridge had been built in 1929, and by 1967 was carrying too heavy a load for its design. This is a complete list of current bridges and other crossings of the Ohio River from the Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois upstream to the split into the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Known as butternuts, they formed the dominant culture in the southern portions of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois with a society that was primarily Southern in nature. The Ohio River begins in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers and flows southwestward toward the Mississippi River. It shows elevation trends across the state. Cincinnati.. The movement across the Allegheny Mountains of British settlers and the claims of the area near modern-day Pittsburgh led to conflict with the French, who had forts in the Ohio River Valley. This Ohio River map begins in Pittsburgh, PA (where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers meet) and ends at Cairo IL. Ohio River is situated northeast of Birds Point. Ohio River Water Trail Map & Guide . " In the late 18th century, the river was the southern boundary of the Northwest Territory. During the nineteenth century, emigrants from Virginia, North Carolina and Kentucky settled along the northern bank of the Ohio river. The route offers a pleasant escape from suburban concerns as it passes villages, well-kept barns, vineyards, and orchards.  More escaping slaves, estimated in the thousands, made their perilous journey north to freedom across the Ohio River than anywhere else across the north-south frontier. It borders Ontario Canada across Lake Erie to the north, the US states of Michigan to the northwest, Pennsylvania to the east, and Indiana to the west. Whether clinging to the shores of the river, or linking farms and historic river communities, the Ohio River Scenic Byway is the common thread joining a geographically broad and culturally diverse region together. Ohio River Map with Cities Map Of Ohio Cities Ohio Road Map. The McAlpine Locks and Dam, a shipping canal bypassing the rapids, now allows commercial navigation from the Forks of the Ohio at Pittsburgh to the Port of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico. The forks (the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers at what is now Pittsburgh) were considered a strategic military location. This is a generalized topographic map of Ohio. These are all the places which attract tourists to Ohio and there are many transportation facilities to reach Ohio -like air, rail, bus, roads and freeways and many alternate forms of transportation are available in Ohio. The combined Allegheny-Ohio river is 1,310 miles (2,110 km) long and carries the largest volume of water of any tributary of the Mississippi. The economic connection of the Ohio Country to the East was significantly increased in 1818 when the National Road being built westward from Cumberland, Maryland reached Wheeling, Virginia (now West Virginia), providing an easier overland connection from the Potomac River to the Ohio River. Ohio River Major Rivers of the United States Map. Largely rural, they shipped much of their produce along the river to ports such as Along the banks of the Ohio are some of the largest cities in their respective states:[note 1] Pittsburgh, the largest city on the river and second-largest city in Pennsylvania; Cincinnati, the third-largest city in Ohio; Louisville, the largest city in Kentucky; Evansville, the third-largest city in Indiana; Owensboro, the fourth-largest city in Kentucky; and three of the five largest cities in West Virginia—Huntington (second), Parkersburg (fourth), and Wheeling (fifth). The Ohio River Scenic Byway follows the Ohio River through Illinois, Indiana and Ohio ending at Steubenville, Ohio, on the river. In the early 19th century, river pirates such as Samuel Mason, operating out of Cave-In-Rock, Illinois, waylaid travelers on their way down the river. The river then follows a roughly southwest and then west-northwest course until Cincinnati, before bending to a west-southwest course for most of its length. The first locks on the river – the Louisville and Portland Canal – were built to circumnavigate the falls between 1825 and 1830.  "Great river" and "large creek" have also been given as translations. The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the United States, based on 2009 and 2010 data, although the more industrial and regional West Virginia/Pennsylvania tributary, the Monongahela River, ranked behind 16 other American rivers for water pollution at number 17. This provided a much-needed export route for goods from the west, since the trek east over the Appalachian Mountains was long and arduous. The bedrock of the Ohio Valley was mostly set during this time. 56.5: Significant flooding of California occurs. The section of the river that runs southwest from Pittsburgh to Cairo, Illinois is around tens of thousands of years old. The entire Ohio River is a federally regulated waterway. Thus Wheeling Island, the largest inhabited island in the Ohio River, belongs to West Virginia, although it is closer to the Ohio shore than to the West Virginia shore. The lower Ohio River just below Louisville is obstructed by rapids known as the Falls of the Ohio where the water level falls 26 feet (7.9 m) in 2 miles (3.2 km) and is impassible for navigation. Use, Administration, and Navigation 207.300 Ohio River, above Cairo, IL, and their tributaries; use, administration, and navigation. Through its largest tributary, the Tennessee River, the basin includes several states of the southeastern U.S. The lake is within a 3,300-acre county park off Route 50 between Hickory and Avella; go 2.5 miles west of intersection of Routes 18 and 50. The Ohio River is 981 Miles long and has 19 locks and dams. Ohio river on a map. See our state high points map to learn about Campbell Hill at 1,550 feet - the highest point in Ohio. Ohio rivers shown on the map. Use administration and navigation. From there, it flows northwest through Allegheny and Beaver counties, before making an abrupt turn to the south-southwest at the West Virginia–Ohio–Pennsylvania triple-state line (near East Liverpool, Ohio; Chester, West Virginia; and Ohioville, Pennsylvania). It is inhabited by fauna and flora of both climates. , An earlier Miami-Illinois language name was also applied to the Ohio River, Mosopeleacipi ("river of the Mosopelea" tribe). The Indians and early explorers and settlers of the region also often considered the Allegheny to be part of the Ohio. Both Illinois and Indiana have long since changed their laws to allow riverboat casinos to be permanently docked, with Illinois changing in 1999 and Indiana in 2002. Historic architecture along the way retains a charm â¦ A map of the rapids of the Ohio River and of the countries on each side thereof : so far, as to include the routes contemplated for canal navigation Relief shown by hachures. Beginning at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers nesr Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, it runs southwest, ending at the Mississippi River on the Illinois and Missouri borders. In winter, it regularly freezes over at Pittsburgh but rarely farther south toward Cincinnati and Louisville. Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War. It is 548 miles as the crow flies between Cairo and Pittsburgh, but 981 miles by water. 121 Bradys Run Road. The folktales about Mike Fink recall the keelboats used for commerce in the early days of American settlement. The Commission found that 92% of toxic discharges were nitrates, including farm runoff and waste water from industrial processes like steel production. The middle Ohio River formed in a manner similar to formation of the upper Ohio River.  European discovery of the Ohio River may be attributed to English explorers from Virginia in the latter half of the 17th century. In 1763, following the war, France ceded the area to Britain, and thus to the settlers in the colonies of Britain. It is (980 miles) (1,557 km) in length. At Paducah, Kentucky, in the south, at the Ohio's confluence with the Tennessee River, it is ice-free year-round. Major river in the midwestern United States, The widest point on the Ohio River is just north of. From Mapcarta, the free map. Notes on the State of Virginia, "The Winding River Home: Pellissippi State researches the meaning of 'Pellissippi, "Presenter re-enacts 17th-century man's journey through Kanawha Valley", "The Planting of civilization in western Pennsylvania", "Bird's Eye View of Cumberland, Maryland 1906", "Put in Master's Pocket: Interstate Slave Trading and the Black Appalachian Diaspora", "Crossing the "Dark Line": Fugitive Slaves and the Underground Railroad in Louisville and North Central Kentucky (excerpt)", "Report: Ohio River most polluted in U.S.", "Ohio River again tops list for industrial pollution", "The Lawyer Who Became DuPont's Worst Nightmare", "Water Data Report: 07022000 Mississippi River at Thebes, IL Summary Statistics", "Present and future Köppen-Geiger climate classification maps at 1-km resolution", U.S. Geological Survey: PA stream gauging stations, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ohio_River&oldid=992699239, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Miami-Illinois-language text, Articles containing Shawnee-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW, Wikipedia articles incorporating citation to the NSRW with an wstitle parameter, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from Collier's Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  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